Table 1 Glucose and phosphate distribution within a glycogen particle
Tier*Glucose/tierChains/tierTotal glucose§Phosphate/tier
1131130.03
2263390.08
3527910.2
4104151950.4
5208314030.8
6416638191.6
783212716513.3
8166425533157
93328511664313
10665610231329927
111331220472661153
1226624409553235106
  • * Based on the model of Figure 1.

  • Based on a chain length of 13.

  • Number of chains per tier; chains(tier n)=2n−1.

  • § Sum of the number of glucose residues up to and including this tier.

  • Covalent phosphates, assuming one phosphate per 500 glucose residues and an even distribution of phosphates between the inner and outer tiers. Total phosphates in a 12-tier molecule on this model would be ~212.