Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) is a proteolytic pathway for handling misfolded or improperly assembled proteins that are synthesized in the ER. Cytoplasmic peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) is a deglycosylating enzyme that cleaves N-glycans that are attached to ERAD substrates. While the critical roles of N-glycans in monitoring the folding status of carrier proteins in the ER lumen are relatively well understood, the physiological role of PNGase-mediated deglycosylation in the cytosol remained poorly understood. We report herein the identification of endogenous substrates for the cytoplasmic PNGase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using an isotope-coded glycosylation site-speciﬁc tagging (IGOT) method-based LC/MS analysis, 11 glycoproteins were specifically detected in the cytosol of PNGase-deletion cells (png1Δ). Among these molecules, at least five glycoproteins were clearly identified as ERAD substrates in vivo. Moreover, four out of the five proteins were found to be either deglycosylated by PNGase in vivo or the overall degradation was delayed in a png1Δ mutant. Our results clearly indicate that the IGOT method promises to be a powerful tool for the identification of endogenous substrates for the cytoplasmic PNGase.
- © 2016 The Author(s); published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society