The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains two known phosphoinositide 4-kinases (PI 4-kinases), which are encoded by PIK1 and STT4; both are essential. Pik1p is important for exocytic transport from the Golgi, whereas Stt4p plays a role in cell-wall integrity and cytoskeletal rearrangements. In the present study, we report that cells have a third PI 4-kinase activity encoded by LSB6, a protein identified previously in a two-hybrid screen as interacting with LAS17p. Although Pik1p and Stt4p are closely related members of the Type III class of PI 4-kinases, Lsb6p belongs to the distinct Type II class, based on its amino acid sequence, its sensitivity to inhibition by adenosine and its insensitivity to wortmannin. Lsb6p is the first fungal Type II enzyme cloned. The protein was expressed and purified from Sf9 cells and used to define kinetic parameters. As commonly observed for surface-active enzymes, activities varied both with substrate concentration and lipid/detergent molar ratios. Maximal activities of approx. 100min−1 were obtained at the PI/Triton X-100 ratio of 1:5. The Km value for ATP was 266μM, intermediate between the values reported for mammalian Type II and III kinases. Epitope-tagged protein, expressed in yeast, was entirely particulate, and about half of it could be extracted with non-ionic detergent. Lsb6p–green fluorescent protein was found both on vacuolar membranes and on the plasma membrane, suggesting a role in endocytic or exocytic pathways.
- protein trafficking
Abbreviations used: GAPDH, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; GFP, green fluorescent protein; HA, haemagglutinin; LSB6, Las17p-binding protein; ORF, open reading frame; PI 4-kinase, phosphoinositide 4-kinase; PI4KII, PI 4-kinase Type II; PIP, phosphoinositide phosphate; PIP2, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate; PI(4)P, phosphoinositide 4-phosphate.
- The Biochemical Society, London ©2003