Zearalenone (ZEN) is converted into a far less oestrogenic product by incubation with Clonostachys rosea IFO 7063. An alkaline hydrolase responsible for the detoxification was purified to homogeneity from the fungus by a combination of salt precipitation and column chromatography methods. The purified enzyme was homodimeric with a subunit molecular mass of 30kDa and contained an intra-subunit disulphide bridge. On the basis of the internal peptide sequences of the purified protein, we cloned the entire coding region of the gene (designated as zhd101) by PCR techniques. The ZEN degradation activity was detected in heterologous hosts (Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Escherichia coli) carrying the cloned gene. Zhd101 could be a promising genetic resource for in planta detoxification of the mycotoxin in important crops.
- endocrine disrupting chemicals
- Fusarium mycotoxin
- transgenic wheat
Abbreviations used: AP-I, Achromobacter protease I; MALDI-TOF, matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization—time-of-flight; PFG, pulse-field gradient; RACE, rapid amplification of cDNA ends; RT-PCR, reverse-transcription PCR; ZEN, zearalenone.
- The Biochemical Society, London ©2002