Rat parotid acinar cells lacking zymogen granules were obtained by inducing granule discharge with the β-adrenoceptor agonist isoproterenol. To assess whether zymogen granules are involved in the regulation of Ca2+ signalling as intracellular Ca2+ stores, changes in cytosolic free Ca2+ ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) were studied with imaging microscopy in fura-2-loaded parotid acinar cells lacking zymogen granules. The increase in [Ca2+]i induced by muscarinic receptor stimulation was initiated at the apical pole of the acinar cells, and rapidly spread as a Ca2+ wave towards the basolateral region. The magnitude of the [Ca2+]i response and the speed of the Ca2+ wave were essentially similar to those in control acinar cells containing zymogen granules. Western blot analysis of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) was performed on zymogen granule membranes and microsomes using anti-IP3R antibodies. The immunoreactivity of all three IP3Rs was clearly observed in the microsomal preparations. Although a weak band of IP3R type-2 was detected in the zymogen granule membranes, this band probably resulted from contamination by the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), because calnexin, a marker protein of the ER, was also detected in the same preparation. Furthermore, Western blotting and reverse transcriptase-PCR analysis failed to provide evidence for the expression of ryanodine receptors in rat parotid acinar cells, whereas expression was clearly detectable in rat skeletal muscle, heart and brain. These results suggest that zymogen granules do not have a critical role in Ca2+ signalling in rat parotid acinar cells.
- Ca2+ mobilization
- inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor
- intracellular Ca2+ store
- ryanodine receptor
Abbreviations used: AM, acetoxymethyl ester; [Ca2+]i, cytosolic free Ca2+ ion concentration; cADPr, cyclic ADP-ribose; ER, endoplasmic reticulum; IP3(R), inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (receptor); RT, reverse transcriptase; RyR, ryanodine receptor.
- The Biochemical Society, London ©2002