Human GLUT11 (encoded by the solute carrier 2A11 gene, SLC2A11) is a novel sugar transporter which exhibits significant sequence similarity with the members of the GLUT family. The amino acid sequence deduced from its cDNAs predicts 12 putative membrane-spanning helices and all the motifs (sugar-transporter signatures) that have previously been shown to be essential for sugar-transport activity. The closest relative of GLUT11 is the fructose transporter GLUT5 (sharing 41.7% amino acid identity with GLUT11). The human GLUT11 gene (SLC2A11) consists of 12 exons and is located on chromosome 22q11.2. In human tissues, a 7.2kb transcript of GLUT11 was detected exclusively in heart and skeletal muscle. Transfection of COS-7 cells with GLUT11 cDNA significantly increased the glucose-transport activity reconstituted from membrane extracts as well as the specific binding of the sugar-transporter ligand cytochalasin B. In contrast to that of GLUT4, the glucose-transport activity of GLUT11 was markedly inhibited by fructose. It is concluded that GLUT11 is a novel, muscle-specific transport facilitator that is a member of the extended GLUT family of sugar/polyol-transport facilitators.
- cytochalasin B binding
- reconstituted glucose-transport activity
- SLC2A gene
- solute-carrier family 2A
- sugar-transporter signature
The nucleotide sequences for human GLUT11 have been deposited in the EMBL database under the accession number AJ271290.
Abbreviation used: EST, expressed sequence tag.
- The Biochemical Society, London ©2001