The natural polyamines and their analogues have been implicated in transcriptional regulation of specific genes. Human polyamine-modulated factor-1 (hPMF-1) was the first polyamine-responsive transcription factor identified. Here the mouse homologue of the hPMF-1 gene is described. Interestingly, the mouse gene (mPMF-1) codes for two alternatively spliced mRNAs. Both of the mouse splice variants, mPMF-1S and mPMF-1L, possess C-terminal coiled-coil domains nearly identical to that found in hPMF-1 and are highly homologous with the human protein. The C-terminal coiled-coil structure is necessary for transcriptional activation. However, the shorter protein, mPMF-1S, does not contain an N-terminal coiled-coil region as do both hPMF-1 and the longer mPMF-1L. mPMF-1L mRNA codes for a protein of 202 amino acids, 37 amino acids longer than the human protein. By contrast, mPMF-1S codes for only 133 amino acids, as a result of two exons being omitted compared with mPMF-1L. Both mouse transcription factors can interact with Nrf-2 (nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2), the normal partner of hPMF-1, substantiating the importance of the C-terminal coiled-coil region responsible for this interaction. Finally, the expression of mPMF-1 is induced when mouse M1 myeloid leukaemia cells are exposed to polyamine analogues, suggesting control similar to that observed for the hPMF-1.
- leucine zipper
Abbreviations used: ES, embryonal stem; PMF-1, polyamine-modulated factor-1; hPMF-1, human PMF-1; mPMF-1, mouse PMF-1; Nrf-2, nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2; SSAT, spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase; BENSpm, N1,N11-bis(ethyl)norspermine; CPENSpm, N1-cyclopropylmethyl-N11-ethylnorspermine; EST, expressed sequence tag.
- The Biochemical Society, London ©2001