In Saccharomyces cerevisiae expression of the fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase-encoding gene, FBP1, is controlled by glucose through the upstream activating sequences UAS1 and UAS2 and the upstream repressing sequence URS1 in its promoter. We have studied the regulation of the proteins that could bind to these elements. We have investigated the role of the putative transcription factors Cat8 and Sip4 in the formation of specific DNA–protein complexes with UAS1 and UAS2, and in the expression of UAS1-lacZ and UAS2-lacZ. The expression of CAT8-lacZ and SIP4-lacZ has been also measured in mig1, tup1 or hxk2 mutants, partially refractory to catabolite repression. We conclude that there is no strict correlation between Cat8 and Sip4 expression or in vitro formation of DNA–protein complexes and expression of UAS1-lacZ and UAS2-lacZ. The URS1 element binds the regulatory protein Mig1, which blocks transcription by recruiting the proteins Cyc8 and Tup1. The pattern of complexes of URS1 with nuclear extracts was dependent on the carbon source and on Cyc8, but not on Tup1; it was also affected by the protein kinase Snf1 and by the exportin Msn5. The repression caused by URS1 in a fusion gene was dependent on Mig1, Cyc8 and Tup1, and on the carbon source in the medium; in a snf1 strain the repression observed was independent of the carbon source. Expression of Mig1 could occur in the absence of Snf1 and was moderately sensitive to glucose. We present data showing that different elements of the regulatory system controlling FBP1 responded differently to the concentration of glucose in the medium.
- catabolite repression
- transcription factor
↵1 Present address: Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, CSIC, Velázquez 144, 28006 Madrid, Spain.
Abbreviations used: CSRE, carbon-source-responsive element; URS, upstream repressing sequence; UAS, upstream activating sequence; YNB, yeast nitrogen base.
- The Biochemical Society, London ©2001