Agonist-induced platelet activation triggers ‘inside-out’signalling which activates αIIb-β3, the most abundant integrin in platelet membranes. The engagement of activated αIIb-β3 integrin by linking fibrinogen is necessary for platelet aggregation, and this induces subsequent outside-in signalling, which enhances platelet activation. Here we studied the involvement of Cbl during αIIb-β3-integrin-mediated signal transduction. During thrombin-induced platelet activation, Cbl was tyrosine phosphorylated, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) activity measured in Cbl immunoprecipitates was increased. Both Cbl phosphorylation and its association with PI 3-kinase were dependent on αIIb-β3 engagement by linking fibrinogen. The P256 and anti-LIBS6 (ligand-induced binding site 6) antibodies, which activate platelets directly through αIIb-β3, induced Cbl phosphorylation and increased the PI 3-kinase activity associated with Cbl. Both thrombin and antibodies to αIIb-β3 induced association of Cbl with the tyrosine kinase, Syk. Experiments performed with inhibitors of tyrosine kinases indicated that both Src-family kinases and Syk contribute to phosphorylation of Cbl and its consequent association with PI 3-kinase. The results show that, following integrin αIIb-β3 engagement, Cbl is tyrosine phosphorylated, recruits PI 3-kinase to this integrin signalling pathway and possibly enhances PI 3-kinase activity, downstream of Src-family tyrosine kinases and Syk activation.
- fibrinogen binding
- monoclonal antibodies
- PI 3-kinase activity
- platelet activation
- The Biochemical Society, London © 2000