Research article

Involvement of activator protein 1 complexes in the epithelium-specific activation of the laminin γ2-chain gene promoter by hepatocyte growth factor (scatter factor)

J⊘rgen OLSEN, Olivier LEFEBVRE, Christine FRITSCH, Jesper T. TROELSEN, Veronique ORIAN-ROUSSEAU, Michèle KEDINGER, Patricia SIMON-ASSMANN

Abstract

Laminin-5 is a trimer of laminin α3, β3 and γ2 chains that is found in the intestinal basement membrane. Deposition of the laminin γ2 chain at the basement membrane is of great interest because it undergoes a developmental shift in its cellular expression. Here we study the regulatory elements that control basal and cytokine-activated transcriptional expression of the LAMC2 gene, which encodes the laminin γ2 chain. By using transient transfection experiments we demonstrated the presence of constitutive and cytokine-responsive cis-elements. Comparison of the transcriptional activity of the LAMC2 promoter in the epithelial HT29mtx cells with that in small-intestinal fibroblastic cells (C20 cells) led us to conclude that two regions with constitutive epithelium-specific activity are present between positions -1.2 and -0.12 kb. This was further validated by transfections of primary foetal intestinal endoderm and mesenchyme. A 2.5 kb portion of the LAMC2 5ʹ flanking region was equally responsive to PMA and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), whereas it was less responsive to transforming growth factor β1. A minimal promoter limited to the initial 120 bp upstream of the transcriptional start site maintained inducibility by PMA and HGF. This short promoter fragment contains two activator protein 1 (AP-1) elements and the 5ʹ-most of these is a composite AP-1/Sp1 element. The 5ʹAP-1 element is crucial to the HGF-mediated activity of the promoter; analysis of interacting nuclear proteins demonstrated that AP-1 proteins containing JunD mediate the response to HGF.

  • extracellular matrix
  • Fos
  • gene regulation
  • intestine
  • Jun