A microsomal triacylglycerol hydrolase (TGH) was recently purified from porcine liver [Lehner and Verger (1997) Biochemistry 36, 1861-1868]. To gain further insight into the function of TGH, we have cloned a cDNA encoding TGH from a rat liver cDNA library and generated McArdle RH7777 rat hepatoma cell lines that stably express the rat TGH. The putative protein derived from the cDNA sequence contains a cleavable signal sequence and a catalytic site serine residue present within a pentapeptide motif (GXSXG) that is conserved in all known lipases. TGH-transfected cells showed a 2-fold increase, compared with control cells, in the rate of depletion of prelabelled triacylglycerol stores. Thus, TGH is capable of hydrolysis of stored triacylglycerol. In contrast, the rate of turnover of labelled phosphatidylcholine was similar in both the vector- and TGH-transfected cells. Studies in TGH-transfected cells demonstrated that utilization of intracellular triacylglycerol pools for secretion was approx. 30% higher than in vector-transfected cells. Whereas phosphatidylcholine secretion was essentially the same in control and TGH-transfected cells, TGH-transfected cells also secreted an approx. 25% greater mass of triacylglycerol into the medium and had increased levels of apolipoprotein B100 in the very-low-density lipoprotein density range compared with control cells. The results suggest that the microsomal TGH actively participates in the mobilization of cytoplasmic triacylglycerol stores, some of which can be used for lipoprotein assembly.
- glycerolipid synthesis and secretion
- McArdle RH7777
- triacsin C
- very-low-density lipoprotein
- The Biochemical Society, London © 1999