We have shown previously that surfactant protein A (SP-A) binds to annexin IV in a Ca2+-dependent manner [Sohma, Matsushima, Watanabe, Hattori, Kuroki and Akino (1995) Biochem. J. 312, 175-181]. Annexin IV is a member of the annexin family having four consensus repeats of about 70 amino acids and a unique N-terminal tail. In the present study, the functional site of both annexin IV and SP-A for the Ca2+-dependent binding was investigated using mutant proteins. SP-A bound in a Ca2+-dependent manner to an annexin-IV truncation mutant consisting of the N-terminal domain and the first three domains (TN-1-2-3). SP-A also bound to T3-4, but this interaction was not Ca2+-dependent. SP-A bound weakly to the other truncation mutants (TN-1-2, T2-3 and T2-3-4). Each consensus repeat of annexin IV possesses a conserved acidic amino acid residue (Glu70, Asp142, Glu226 and Asp301) that putatively ligates Ca2+. Using annexin-IV DE mutants in which one, two or three residues out of the four Asp/Glu were altered to Ala by site-directed mutagenesis [Nelson and Creutz (1995) Biochemistry 34, 3121-3132], it was revealed that Ca2+ binding in the third domain is more important than in the other Ca2+-binding sites. SP-A is a member of the animal lectin group homologous with mannose-binding protein A. The substitution of Arg197 of rat SP-A with Asp or Asn eliminated binding to annexin IV, whereas the substitution of Glu195 with Gln was silent. These results suggest that the Ca2+ binding to domain 3 of annexin IV is required for the Ca2+-dependent binding by SP-A and that Arg197 of SP-A is important in this binding.
- Ca2+-binding protein
- pulmonary surfactant
- site-directed mutagenesis
- truncation mutant
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