We describe a novel and general, mechanism-based, method for purification of xyloglucan endotransglycosylases (XETs) from crude plant extracts. Putative isoforms, obtained by step-wise precipitation with (NH4)2SO4, were incubated with tamarind xyloglucan (≈ 1 MDa) to form stable xyloglucan-XET complexes with apparent molecular masses > 500 kDa on gel-permeation chromatography (GPC). Subsequent addition of xyloglucan-derived oligosaccharides (a mixture of XET acceptor substrates) caused a shift in the GPC elution volume of the activity back to that expected of a ≈ 32 kDa protein, presumably by completing the transglycosylation reaction and so freeing the enzyme from the xyloglucan (donor substrate). This simple two-step method enabled the isolation of each XET activity attempted [various (NH4)2SO4 cuts from extracts of cauliflower florets and mung bean seedlings], in pure form as judged by SDS/PAGE.
- plant cell wall
- The Biochemical Society, London © 1999