The chicken ovalbumin upstream-promoter transcription factor (COUP-TF) has a dual effect on the regulation of the mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) synthase gene. COUP-TF could act as a transcriptional activator or repressor of this gene through different DNA sequences. COUP-TF induces expression of a reporter gene linked to the mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase gene promoter in human hepatoma HepG2 cells, but represses it in a Leydig tumour cell line (R2C); in both these cell lines the expression of the mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase gene mimics that of liver and testis. The activation is promoted by a fragment of the gene from coordinates -62 to +28, which contains a GC box and a TATA box, and where no COUP-TF binding site was observed by in vitro DNA binding studies. On the other hand, the COUP-TF inhibitory effect is mainly due to repression of peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor-dependent activation of the gene, interacting with the region from -104 to -92. To our knowledge this work represents the second example of a target gene for COUP-TF I that could be either activated or repressed by the action of this receptor through different DNA sequences of the same gene.
- The Biochemical Society, London © 1997