The type-II cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-Kinase) partitions primarily into the particulate fraction in gastric parietal cells. Localization of this kinase to particular subcellular domains is mediated through the binding of the regulatory subunit (RII) dimer to A-Kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs). Using a [32P]RII overlay assay, we have screened a rabbit gastric parietal cell cDNA library and have isolated a single RII-binding protein clone. Sequence analysis revealed an open reading frame coding for 1022 amino acids (AKAP120). Recombinant fragments of the full-length clone were prepared and the RII-binding region mapped to an area between amino acids 489 and 549. This area contained a putative α-helical RII-binding region between amino acids 503 and 516. Incubation of [32P]RII with a synthetic peptide of AKAP120-(489–522) completely inhibited the binding of [32P]RII to the recombinant AKAP120 fragments that demonstrated RII binding. In vitroRII -binding affinity studies indicated a high-affinity interaction between AKAP120 and RII with a Kapp between 50 and 120 nM for the three recombinant fragments that bound [32P]RII. RNase-protection analysis revealed that AKAP120 is a widely distributed protein, with the highest levels of mRNA observed in gastric fundus. The presence of this novel high-affinity AKAP in gastric parietal cells suggests that it may regulate RII subcellular sequestration in this cell type.
- The Biochemical Society, London © 1997