To delineate the cis-acting elements of the proximal promoter responsible for cyclic AMP (cAMP)-induced human renin gene transcription, 5´-flanking regions of the human renin gene were fused to a luciferase reporter gene and transfected in chorionic cells. Forskolin treatment induced the expression of luciferase by 2.4-fold when the reporter plasmid contained the promoter region (-582 to +16). Mutation or deletion of the cAMP response element (CRE) diminished (1.7-fold) but did not abolish cAMP-induced transcription, demonstrating that the (-582 to -145) region containing the CRE and the region (-145 to -38) containing a Pit-1 (pituitary-specific trans-acting factor) site were both necessary for cAMP maximal induction. To study the molecular events mediating the cAMP induction, DNase I footprinting and electromobility shift assays (EMSAs) were performed with renin-producing chorionic cell and kidney cortex cell nuclear extracts, showing that the CRE-binding protein (CREB) interacts with the CRE and that tissue-specific factors, distinct from Pit-1, specifically bind the renin Pit-1 motif. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the cAMP response of the human renin gene may involve CREB binding the CRE and tissue-specific factors, different from Pit-1, that interact with the Pit-1 response DNA elements.
- The Biochemical Society, London © 1996