The effect of extracellular ATP on the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and inositol phosphate production following stimulation with the muscarinic cholinergic agonist acetylcholine (ACh) was investigated in isolated rat parotid acinar cells. Stimulation of rat parotid acinar cells with ATP4- results in a rise in [Ca2+]i that is due to influx of extracellular Ca2+ and mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Stimulation with purinergic agonists revealed that both influx as well as Ca2+ release from intracellular stores was mediated through activation of P2z receptors. The Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular stores was due to production of Ins(1,4,5)P3 and was inhibited by U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C-coupled processes. Under Ca(2+)-free conditions ATP4- caused a dose-dependent inhibition (IC50 = 8 microM) of the ACh-evoked Ca2+ release. The inhibitory effect of ATP4- is due to activation of the P2z purinoceptors, which results in a strong reduction in the ACh-induced inositol phosphate production. Prestimulation with 100 microM ATP4- reduced the amount of Ins(1,4,5)P3 formed after maximal ACh stimulation by 91%. In conclusion, the inhibitory effect of ATP4- on the ACh-mediated response is due to interactions of the activated P2z receptor with the phospholipase C-coupled processes underlying the muscarinic cholinergic response.
- © 1995 The Biochemical Society, London