Sixteen isolates of thermophilic bacteria from the genus Thermus, isolated from neutral and alkaline hot water springs in the southwest region of Iceland, were tested for the presence of restriction endonucleases. Extracts from five of the isolates showed evidence of the presence of restriction endonuclease activity by producing discrete nucleotide fragments when incubated at 65 degrees C with lambda phage DNA. Two of the isolates (Tsp4C and Tsp8E) were found to have particularly high levels of restriction endonuclease activity, and the respective enzymes from these two Thermus isolates were partially purified and characterized and their recognition and cleavage sites were determined. Enzyme Tsp4C I is a novel Type II restriction endonuclease recognizing the interrupted palindromic tetranucleotide sequence ACNGT, where N can be any one of the four bases in DNA. Tsp4C I, which retains full enzyme activity when incubated for 10 min at temperatures up to 76 degrees C, hydrolyses the phosphodiester bond in both strands of a double-stranded DNA substrate between the third and fourth bases of the recognition sequence (ACN/GT), generating fragments with a single base 3′-OH overhang. Enzyme Tsp8E I is a thermostable isoschizomer of the mesophilic Type II restriction endonuclease Bgl I (GCCNNNN/NGGC) [Lee, Clanton and Chirikjiam (1979) Fed. Proc. 28, 294], generating fragments with a three base 3′-OH overhang. However, unlike Bgl I, Tsp8E I exhibits considerable thermal stability, retaining full enzyme activity when incubated for 10 min at temperatures up to 78 degrees C. Both Tsp4C I and Tsp8E I represent significant additions to the small but expanding list of the extremely thermostable restriction endonucleases.
- © 1995 The Biochemical Society, London