The common gamma-chain (gamma c) is a shared component of cell-surface receptors for the interleukins- 2, -4 and -7, and possibly others. We studied its expression in cells and cell lines of myeloid origin and found ubiquitous presence of gamma c mRNA in all cells examined. Differential regulation of gamma c expression was observed in myeloid cell lines induced to differentiate in vitro. In K-562 erythromyeloid cells, a sharp rise in the levels of gamma c mRNA and protein accompanied megakaryocytic, but not erythroid, differentiation. Surface binding of interleukin-2, as well as the transcripts for cognate receptor chains, were scarcely detectable in K-562 cells, whereas a significant increase in the binding of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor specifically occurred during their megakaryocytic maturation. Our data indicate that expression of gamma c is a common feature of human myeloid cells, and suggest that its expression may be a requirement for human myelopoiesis.
- © 1995 The Biochemical Society, London