Spermine and polyarginine have been shown to increase the rate of dissociation of Ca2+ from the Ca(2+)-ATPase of skeletal-muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. They also decrease the affinity of the ATPase for Mg2+ as detected by changes in the fluorescence intensity of the ATPase labelled with 4-(bromomethyl)-6,7-dimethoxycoumarin (DMC). Polyarginine itself also decreases the fluorescence intensity of DMC-labelled ATPase. These results are consistent with binding of spermine and polyarginine to a gating site controlling the rate of access of Ca2+ to its binding sites on the ATPase. A basic peptide PLN-(1-25) corresponding to residues 1-25 of phospholamban had no effect on the rate of dissociation of Ca2+ or on the fluorescence of DMC-labelled ATPase. Spermine, polyarginine and PLN-(1-25) all increased the equilibrium constant E1/E2, and spermine and polyarginine increased the rate of Ca2+ binding to the ATPase, consistent with an increase in the rate of the E2-->E1 transition. Spermine displaced Tb3+ and Ruthenium Red from the ATPase, consistent with binding in the stalk region of the ATPase. Polyarginine and PLN-(1-25), however, had no effect on Tb3+ or Ruthenium Red binding, suggesting a greater specificity in binding basic peptides to the ATPase than spermine.
- © 1995 The Biochemical Society, London