In the presence of 150 microM BSA, uptake of [3H]oleate by Xenopus laevis oocytes was a saturable function of the unbound oleate concentration (Vmax. 110 +/- 4 pmol/h per oocyte; Km 193 +/- 11 nM unbound oleate). Oleate uptake was three orders of magnitude faster than that of another test substance, [35S]bromosulphophthalein, and was competitively inhibited by 55 nM unbound palmitate (Vmax. 111 +/- 14 pmol/h per oocyte; Km 424 +/- 63 nM unbound oleate) (P < 0.01). Oleate uptake was also inhibited by antibodies to a 43 kDa rat liver plasma-membrane fatty acid-binding protein, a putative transporter of long-chain fatty acids in mammalian cells; uptake of the medium-chain fatty acid [14C]octanoate was unaffected. Immunofluorescence and immunoblotting demonstrated that the antiserum reacted with a single 43 kDa protein on the oocyte surface. Hence a protein related to the mammalian plasma-membrane fatty acid-binding protein may play a role in saturable uptake of long-chain fatty acids by Xenopus oocytes.
- © 1994 The Biochemical Society, London