Transducin alpha (T alpha) activates retinal rod cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) by interacting with and removing the inhibitory PDE gamma subunit. A T alpha-PDE gamma complex can be isolated in vitro, and our previous work [Morrison, Rider and Takemoto (1987) FEBS Lett. 222, 266-270; Morrison, Cunnick, Oppert and Takemoto (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 11671-11681] has identified a region of PDE gamma, residues 24-45, that binds to T alpha. The C-terminal region of PDE gamma is the site that interacts with PDE alpha/beta and inhibits catalytic function. The site on T alpha that binds to the PDE gamma 24-45 region has not been identified. Synthetic peptides (15-mers) which span the bovine T alpha sequence were tested for binding to purified recombinant PDE gamma using a solid-phase assay. The peptides were also tested for ability to activate a PDE complex. We have identified a region, residues 250-275 of T alpha, which shows a high affinity of PDE gamma and for the PDE gamma (24-45) binding peptide. The peptide did not bind to the C-terminal residues 50-87 of PDE gamma. Likewise, a region of T alpha, 1-25 did not exhibit high-affinity binding to PDE gamma or to the 24-45 PDE gamma peptide. Specific binding of the 250-275 peptide to PDE gamma was confirmed by its ability to compete with T alpha binding to PDE gamma, although a higher concentration was required (10x). The T alpha-(250-275) peptide activated a fully inhibited PDE alpha beta gamma 2 complex in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that a region on T alpha that recognizes the PDE gamma-binding site is found within residues 250-275 of T alpha.
- © 1994 The Biochemical Society, London