Treatment of cultured tracheal smooth-muscle cells (TSM) with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) (100 nM) or bradykinin (100 nM) elicited enhanced basal and guanosine 5′-[beta gamma-imido]-triphosphate-stimulated adenylate cyclase activities in subsequently isolated membranes. Combined stimulation of cells was non-additive, indicating that both agents activate adenylate cyclase via similar routes. Both PMA (100 nM) and bradykinin (100 nM) allowed the alpha subunit of Gs to act as a more favourable substrate for its cholera-toxin-catalysed ADP-ribosylation in vitro. PMA was without effect on intracellular cyclic AMP in control cells. However, constitutive activation of Gs by treatment in vivo with cholera toxin (0.5 ng/ml, 18 h) sensitized the cells to PMA stimulation, resulting in a concentration-dependent increase in intracellular cyclic AMP accumulation (EC50 = 7.3 +/- 2.5 nM, n = 5). Bradykinin also elicited a concentration-dependent increase in intracellular cyclic AMP (EC50 = 63.3 +/- 14.5 nM, n = 3). Constitutive activation of Gs resulted in an increased maximal response (10-fold) and potency (EC50 = 6.17 +/- 1.6 nM, n = 3) to bradykinin. This response was not affected by the B2-receptor antagonist, NPC567 [which selectively blocks bradykinin-stimulated phospholipase C (PLC), with minor activity against phospholipase D (PLD) activity]. Des-Arg9-bradykinin (a B1-receptor agonist) was without activity. These results suggest that the receptor sub-type capable of activating PLD may also be stimulatory for cyclic AMP accumulation. Furthermore, pre-treatment of the cells with butan-l-ol (0.3%, v/v), which traps phosphatidate derived from PLD reactions, blocked the bradykinin-stimulated increase in intracellular cyclic AMP. These studies suggest that there may be a causal link between PLD-derived phosphatidate and the positive modulation of adenylate cyclase activity. In support of this, the concentration-dependence for bradykinin-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity was identical with that of bradykinin-stimulated phospholipase D activity (EC50 = 5 nM). Bradykinin, but not PMA, was also capable of eliciting the inhibition of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity in TSM cells (EC50 > 100 nM) via an unidentified mechanism. These studies indicate that cross-regulation between the cyclic AMP pathway and phospholipid-derived second messengers in TSM cells does not occur as a consequence of PLC-catalysed PtdIns(4,5)P2 hydrolysis, but may involve, in part, PLD-catalysed phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis.
- © 1994 The Biochemical Society, London