Activation of a calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase associated with rabbit skeletal-muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) results in the phosphorylation of polypeptides of 450, 360, 165, 105, 89, 60, 34 and 20 kDa. Radioligand-binding studies indicated that a membrane-bound 60 kDa polypeptide contained both CaM- and ATP-binding domains. Under renaturing conditions on nitrocellulose blots, the 60 kDa polypeptide of the membrane exhibited CaM-dependent autophosphorylation activity, suggesting that it was the CaM-dependent protein kinase of SR. Ca2+/CaM-independent autophosphorylation of polypeptides of 62 and 45 kDa was found to occur in the light SR, whereas the Ca2+/CaM-dependent autophosphorylation activity was enriched in the heavy SR. Both these kinase activities were absent from transverse tubules, although these membranes were enriched in CaM-binding polypeptides of 160, 100 and 80 kDa. In the absence of Ca2+, CaM bound to a 33 kDa polypeptide of the membrane. The purified ryanodine receptor was not phosphorylated by the purified CaM kinase, although it was a substrate for protein kinase C. Affinity-purified antibodies to brain CaM kinase II cross-reacted with the 60 kDa polypeptide in Western blots and immunoprecipitated the 60 kDa polypeptide, along with the 360, 105, 89, 34 and 20 kDa phosphoproteins, from Nonidet-P-40-solubilized SR membranes. Antibodies raised against the 60 kDa kinase polypeptide did not cross-react with the other phosphoproteins, suggesting that these polypeptides were distinct and unrelated. Subcellular distribution of the 60 kDa kinase indicated the specific association of the polypeptide with the junctional-face membrane of SR. The CaM-dependent incorporation of 32P into various membrane proteins was inhibited by the CaM kinase II fragment (290-309), with an IC50 value of 2 nM for the inhibition of incorporation into the 60 kDa kinase polypeptide. Recent studies [Wang and Best (1992) Nature (London) 359, 739-741] have shown that a CaM kinase activity intrinsic to the membrane can inactivate the Ca(2+)-release channel of skeletal muscle SR. Since our results demonstrate that the 60 kDa polypeptide of SR is a CaM-dependent protein kinase, we suggest that this kinase, through its associations, may be responsible for gating the Ca(2+)-release channel.
- © 1993 The Biochemical Society, London