Differentiation of HL60 cells by treatment with dimethyl sulphoxide induces the expression of membrane receptors for N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) and for platelet-activating factor (PAF). In these cells both agonists produced an increase in the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) by release of Ca2+ from the intracellular stores, followed shortly by an acceleration of the entry of Ca2+ or Mn2+, used here as a Ca2+ surrogate for Ca2+ channels. Cytochrome P-450 inhibitors blocked the agonist-induced entry of Ca2+ or Mn2+ with no modification of Ca2+ release from the stores. Emptying the intracellular Ca2+ stores either by treatments inducing no inositol phosphate production, such as prolonged incubation in Ca(2+)-free medium or treatment with the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin, increased the plasma-membrane permeability to Ca2+ and Mn2+. This Ca(2+)-store-regulated Mn2+ entry was inhibited by Ni2+ and by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. Refilling of the Ca2+ stores by incubation in Ca(2+)-containing medium restored low Mn2+ permeability. The same mechanism is present and functional in non-differentiated cells, before expression of membrane receptors for fMLP and PAF. These results suggest that agonist-induced Ca2+ (Mn2+) entry is secondary to the emptying of the intracellular Ca2+ stores, which in turn activates plasma-membrane channels by a mechanism involving cytochrome P-450.
- © 1993 The Biochemical Society, London