The biosynthesis of phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) by the serine base-exchange enzyme system, in Jurkat T-lymphocytes, was inhibited in intact cells maintained in low-Ca(2+)-containing buffer (< 10 microM-Ca2+) by using Ca2+ ionophores (A23187 or ionomycin). The rise in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration under these experimental conditions was only due to the release of Ca2+ from intracellular compartments, suggesting that the inhibition of PtdSer synthesis was correlated with the emptying of intracellular Ca2+ pools. This was further studied in saponin-permeabilized cells, in which PtdSer synthesis was found to be inhibited by EGTA, Ca2+ ionophores (A23187 or ionomycin) and Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors [thapsigargin or 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-benzohydroquinone]. Since Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors impaired refilling of the Ca2+ stores with Ca2+, and since in CD3-activated Jurkat T-cells the Ca2+ stores remained empty after 1 h of treatment with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies, we suggest that PtdSer synthesis is mainly regulated by the level of Ca2+ in the intracellular compartments and that the Ca(2+)-dependent serine base-exchange system responsible for PtdSer synthesis is probably located within or close to a Ca(2+)-storage organelle.
- © 1992 The Biochemical Society, London