Exposure of cultured rat hepatocytes to a high concentration of insulin (78 nM) for 24 h in the presence of extracellular oleate (0.75 mM) resulted in a decrease in the secretion of apoprotein B (apoB) and triacylglycerol associated with very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). However, continuous exposure of the cells to insulin for longer periods (72 h) stimulated the secretion of apoB and triacylglycerol. Treatment of hepatocytes with glucagon (0.1 microM) for 24 h also suppressed the secretion of VLDL apoB, cholesterol and triacylglycerol. The cells remained responsive to the inhibitory effect of glucagon for at least 3 days. In contrast with insulin, however, exposure of the cells to glucagon for a continuous period of 72 h did not lead to a reversal of the initial inhibition. Glucagon also stimulated ketogenesis, and in this regard the cells were responsive for at least 3 days in culture. These changes were accompanied by a transient increase in intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) concentration, which reached a peak 10 min after addition of glucagon. Between 12 h and 24 h after glucagon addition, cAMP levels had returned almost to normal, but the secretion of VLDL remained suppressed during this period.
- © 1992 The Biochemical Society, London