Six GSH transferases with neutral/acidic isoelectric points were purified from the cytosol fraction of rat liver. Four transferases are class Mu enzymes related to the previously characterized GSH transferases 3-3, 4-4 and 6-6, as judged by structural and enzymic properties. Two additional GSH transferases are distinguished by high specific activities with 4-hydroxyalk-2-enals, toxic products of lipid peroxidation. The most abundant of these two enzymes, GSH transferase 8-8, a class Alpha enzyme, has earlier been identified in rat lung and kidney. The amino acid sequence of subunit 8 was determined and showed a typical class Alpha GSH transferase structure including an N-acetylated N-terminal methionine residue.
- © 1989 London: The Biochemical Society