D-Aspartate oxidase (EC 22.214.171.124) was assayed in subcellular fractions and in highly purified peroxisomes from rat, bovine and sheep kidney cortex as well as from rat liver. During all steps of subcellular-fractionation procedures, D-aspartate oxidase co-fractionated with peroxisomal marker enzymes. In highly purified preparations of peroxisomes, the enrichment of D-aspartate oxidase activity over the homogenate is about 32-fold, being comparable with that of the peroxisomal marker enzymes catalase and D-amino acid oxidase. Disruption of the peroxisomes by freezing and thawing released more than 90% of the enzyme activity, which is typical for soluble peroxisomal-matrix proteins. Our findings provide strong evidence that in these tissues D-aspartate oxidase is a peroxisomal-matrix protein and should be added as an additional flavoprotein oxidase to the known set of peroxisomal oxidases.
- © 1989 London: The Biochemical Society