We investigated the mechanisms of receptor-mediated stimulation of high-affinity GTPase activity in response to opioid peptides and to foetal-calf serum in membranes of the neuroblastoma X glioma hybrid cell line NG108-15. Increases in GTPase activity in response to both of these ligands was abolished by prior exposure of the cells to pertussis toxin. Pertussis toxin in the presence of [32P]NAD+ catalysed incorporation of radioactivity into a broad band of approx. 40 kDa in membranes prepared from untreated, but not from pertussis-toxin-pretreated, cells. Additivity studies indicated that the responses to opioid peptides and to foetal-calf serum were mediated by separate guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins). Whereas opioid peptides produced an inhibition of adenylate cyclase in membranes of untreated cells, foetal-calf serum did not. Affinity-purified antibodies which recognize the C-terminus of the inhibitory G-protein identified a 40 kDa polypeptide in membranes of NG108-15 cells. These antibodies attenuated opioid-stimulated high-affinity GTPase activity, but did not markedly affect the response to foetal-calf serum. We conclude that receptors for the opioid peptides function via the inhibitory G-protein (Gi), whereas foetal-calf serum activates a second pertussis-toxin-sensitive G-protein, which has a C-terminal sequence significantly different from that of Gi.
- © 1988 London: The Biochemical Society