The regulation of PGE2 (prostaglandin E2) and PGI2 (prostaglandin I2; prostacyclin) formation was investigated in isolated adipocytes. The formation of both PGs was stimulated by various lipolytic agents such as isoproterenol, adrenaline and dibutyryl cyclic AMP. During maximal stimulation the production of PGE2 and PGI2 (measured as 6-oxo-PGF1 alpha) was 0.51 +/- 0.04 and 1.21 +/- 0.09 ng/2 h per 10(6) cells respectively. Thus PGI2 was produced in excess of PGE2 in rat adipocytes. The production of the PGs was inhibited by indomethacin and acetylsalicylic acid in a concentration-dependent manner. The half-maximal effective concentration of indomethacin was 328 +/- 38 nM and that of acetylsalicylic acid was 38.5 +/- 5.3 microM. The PGs were maximally inhibited by 70-75% after incubation for 2 h. In contrast with their effect on PG production, the two agents had a small potentiating effect on the stimulated lipolysis (P less than 0.05). The phospholipase inhibitors mepacrine and chloroquine inhibited both PG production and triacylglycerol lipolysis and were therefore unable to indicate whether the PG precursor, arachidonic acid, originates from phospholipids or triacylglycerols in adipocytes. Angiotensin II significantly (P less than 0.05) stimulated both PGE2 and PGI2 production in rat adipocytes without affecting triacylglycerol lipolysis. Finally, it was shown that PGE2 and PGI2 were also produced in human adipocytes, although in smaller quantities than in rat adipocytes. It is concluded that the production of PGs in isolated adipocytes is regulated by various hormones. Moreover, at least two separate mechanisms for PG production may exist in adipocytes: (1) a mechanism that is activated concomitantly with triacylglycerol lipolysis (and cyclic AMP) and (2) an angiotensin II-sensitive, but lipolysis (and cyclic AMP)-independent mechanism.
- © 1987 London: The Biochemical Society