Cellular proliferation of rat glioma C6 BU1 cells in tissue culture is dependent on the presence of either calf or foetal-calf serum in the medium. Foetal-calf serum stimulated a high-affinity GTPase in membranes derived from C6 BU1 cells. Pretreatment of the cells with pertussis toxin decreased the high-affinity GTPase activity substantially, and attenuated the foetal-calf-serum-stimulated increase in this GTPase activity. Cholera toxin, in contrast, did not modulate the response to foetal-calf serum. Foetal-calf serum did not inhibit adenylate cyclase activity in membranes of these cells, indicating that the G-protein that was stimulated by foetal-calf serum was not Gi (the inhibitory one). Although the nature of the specific component of foetal-calf serum responsible for this pertussis-toxin-sensitive receptor-mediated stimulation of high-affinity GTPase activity has not been identified, it was mimicked neither by bombesin, which can stimulate inositol phospholipid turnover via a guanine nucleotide binding protein, nor by platelet-derived growth factor, which is present in substantial concentrations in foetal-calf serum. This report represents the first demonstration of a pertussis-toxin-substrate-mediated response in this cell line and provides further evidence that G-proteins other than Gi can be functionally inactivated by pertussis toxin.
- © 1987 London: The Biochemical Society