Experimental hypothyroidism was induced in rats by the administration of NaClO4. Hearts from normal and hypothyroid rats were homogenized, and the extracts were assayed for phosphofructokinase-1 and phosphofructokinase-2 activity and fructose 2,6-bisphosphate concentrations. Hypothyroidism was associated with a drastic loss of phosphofructokinase-1 activity. A hyperbolic relationship between plasma thyroxine concentrations and phosphofructokinase-1 activity was found. As treatment with NaClO4 progressed, the decrease in blood thyroxine was faster than the decrease in enzyme activity. After prolonged hypothyroidism (a decrease in thyroxine of more than 10-fold), a 4-fold decrease in phosphofructokinase-1 activity was observed. In this metabolic condition 2-fold decreases in phosphofructokinase-2 activity and in fructose 2,6-bisphosphate were observed. A similar decrease in phosphofructokinase-1 activity in a partially purified preparation was found. The addition of L-thyroxine in the diet had little effect on phosphofructokinase-1 activity. However, exposure of minced pieces of hearts of hypothyroid rats to tri-iodothyronine for 5 h resulted in a clear increase in phosphofructokinase-1 activity, which was partially prevented by the simultaneous addition of cycloheximide. These results could account for the decrease in carbohydrate metabolism in heart from hypothyroid rats.
- © 1987 London: The Biochemical Society