The effect of the guanine nucleotide GTP on Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum of digitonin-permeabilized islets was investigated. maximal and half-maximal Ca2+ release were observed at 5 microM- and 2.5 microM-GTP respectively. GTP caused a rapid release of Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum, which was complete within 1 min. GTP-induced Ca2+ release was structurally specific and required the hydrolysis of GTP. The combination of maximal concentrations of GTP (10 microM) and myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) (10 microM) resulted in an additive effect on Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum. GDP (100 microM), which inhibits GTP-induced Ca2+ release, did not affect IP3-induced Ca2+ release. Furthermore, GTP-induced Ca2+ release was not independent on submicromolar free Ca2+ concentrations, unlike IP3-induced Ca2+ release. These observations suggest that mechanistically GTP-induced Ca2+ release is different from IP3-induced Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum.
- © 1987 London: The Biochemical Society