Phosphorylation of a 47 kDa protein in human neutrophils is induced by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), opsonized latex beads, fMet-Leu-Phe, calcium ionophore A23187 and fluoride. All of these stimuli activate the specialized microbicidal respiratory burst of neutrophils, and in each case the kinetics of activation correspond with the kinetics of phosphorylation of the 47 kDa protein. Trifluoperazine (50 microM) and chlorpromazine (100 microM), inhibitors of calmodulin and protein kinase C, abolish the increase in oxygen consumption and selectively prevent phosphorylation of the 47 kDa protein after PMA stimulation. Treatment of neutrophils with pertussis toxin totally inhibits both superoxide production and phosphorylation of this protein in response to fMet-Leu-Phe, but not in response to PMA, indicating that a GTP-binding protein modulates the fMet-Leu-Phe receptor signal. Phosphorylation of the 47 kDa protein, a phenomenon absent from the neutrophils of subjects with autosomal recessive chronic granulomatous disease, which lack the respiratory burst, appears to be the common trigger for activation of the burst in normal neutrophils.
- © 1986 London: The Biochemical Society