Quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase (EC 188.8.131.52) from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus L.M.D. 79.41 was purified to homogeneity. It is a basic protein with an isoelectric point of 9.5 and an Mr of 94,000. Denaturation yields two molecules of PQQ/molecule and a protein with an Mr of 48000, indicating that the enzyme consists of two subunits, which are probably identical because even numbers of aromatic amino acids were found. The oxidized enzyme form has an absorption maximum at 350 nm, and the reduced form, obtained after the addition of glucose, at 338 nm. Since double-reciprocal plots of initial reaction rates with various concentrations of glucose or electron acceptor show parallel lines, and substrate inhibition is observed for glucose as well as for electron acceptor at high concentrations, a ping-pong kinetic behaviour with the two reactants exists. From the plots, Km values for glucose and Wurster's Blue of 22 mM and 0.78 mM respectively, and a Vmax. of 7.730 mumol of glucose oxidized/min per mg of protein were derived. The enzyme shows a broad substrate specificity for aldose sugars. Cationic electron acceptors are active in the assay, anionic acceptors are not. A pH optimum of 9.0 was found with Wurster's Blue and 6.0 with 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol. Two types of quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenases seem to exist: type I enzymes are acidic proteins from which PQQ can be removed by dialysis against EDTA-containing buffers (examples are found in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella aerogenes and Pseudomonas sp.); type II enzymes are basic proteins from which PQQ is not removed by dialysis against EDTA-containing buffers (examples are found in A. calcoaceticus and Gluconobacter oxydans).
- © 1986 London: The Biochemical Society