The concentration of riboflavin and riboflavin-binding protein were determined in the plasma, egg yolk and albumen from hens fed a riboflavin-deficient diet (1.2 mg/kg) supplemented with 0, 1, 2, 3, 10 and 40 mg of riboflavin/kg. We observed that the deposition of riboflavin in egg yolk and albumen is dependent on dietary riboflavin and reaches half-maximal values at about 2 mg of supplemental riboflavin/kg. The maximal amount of riboflavin deposited in the yolk is limited stoichiometrically by the amount of riboflavin-binding protein, whereas the maximum amount of riboflavin deposited in albumen is limited by other factors before saturation occurs. The amount of riboflavin-binding protein in yolk and albumen is independent of dietary riboflavin. If there is a specific oocyte receptor for riboflavin-binding protein, it cannot distinguish between the apo and holo forms of the protein. Riboflavin-binding protein is about six times more concentrated in yolk than in plasma.
- © 1986 London: The Biochemical Society