Isolated rat hepatocytes were pulse-labelled with [35S]methionine at 37 degrees C and subsequently incubated (chased) for different periods of time at different temperatures (37-16 degrees C). The time courses for the secretion of [35S]methionine-labelled albumin and haptoglobin were determined by quantitative immunoprecipitation of the detergent-solubilized cells and of the chase media. Both proteins appeared in the chase medium only after a lag period, the length of which increased markedly with decreasing chase temperature: from about 10 and 20 min at 37 degrees C to about 60 and 120 min at 20 degrees C for albumin and haptoglobin respectively. The rates at which the proteins were externalized after the lag period were also strongly affected by temperature, the half-time for secretion being 20 min at 37 degrees C and 200 min at 20 degrees C for albumin; at 16 degrees C no secretion could be detected after incubation for 270 min. Analysis by subcellular fractionation showed that part of the lag occurred in the endoplasmic reticulum and that the rate of transfer to the Golgi complex was very temperature-dependent. The maximum amount of the two pulse-labelled proteins in Golgi fractions prepared from cells after different times of chase decreased with decreasing incubation temperatures, indicating that the transport from the Golgi complex to the cell surface was less affected by low temperatures than was the transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi complex.
- © 1986 London: The Biochemical Society