The origin and physiological significance of the multiple Mr forms of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C in human platelets were investigated. The higher-Mr (400,000 and 270,000) forms of the phospholipase C were converted into the 100,000-Mr form without substantial loss of activity by incubation with a Ca2+-dependent proteinase partially purified from human platelets. These three forms of the phospholipase C were purified approx. 200-500-fold from outdated human platelet supernatants. SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and gel-filtration analysis suggested that the higher-Mr forms of phospholipase C were complexes of 140,000-Mr subunits, whereas the lower-Mr form consisted of a single 95,000-Mr subunit. The substrate specificity of the purified phospholipase C was investigated by using 32P-labelled polyphosphoinositide substrates purified from human platelets by a new method utilizing h.p.l.c. on an amino column. Activity against all three phosphoinositides was detected at micromolar concentrations of Ca2+; this hydrolysis was markedly stimulated by phosphatidylethanolamine and inhibited by phosphatidylcholine. Comparison of the different forms of purified phospholipase C revealed no major differences in Ca2+-sensitivity or substrate specificity. Thus, although the suggestion that the high-Mr forms of human platelet phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C were converted into a lower-Mr form by a Ca2+-dependent proteinase has been substantiated, the physiological significance of this process remains to be determined.
- © 1986 London: The Biochemical Society