A small animal model of arterial insufficiency is presented which involves unilateral femoral artery ligation and section. Invoked alterations in metabolism and perfusion of the affected muscle mass have been investigated 12 h, 4, 7 and 14 days post-ligation by 31P-n.m.r. and microsphere infusion, both at rest and during isometric muscle contraction at 1 Hz. At rest, the concentration of phosphocreatine was similar to the mean control value (36.0 +/- 1.0 mM) from 4 days post-ligation, but was significantly lower at 12 h (28.5 +/- 3.6 mM). Inorganic phosphate concentrations were significantly elevated for 7 days post-ligation. No significant differences were noted in intramuscular pH. Upon stimulation of the affected muscle mass, a time-dependent improvement in phosphocreatine utilization was observed such that 14 days post-ligation phosphocreatine utilization was not significantly different from mean control values. A similar amelioration was noted for the contraction-induced fall in intramuscular pH. At rest, no significant differences in bloodflow to the muscles of the ligated limb compared with the unaffected contralateral limb were observed. However, isometric contraction of the affected muscle mass resulted in a markedly reduced hyperaemic response 12 h post-ligation. Thereafter, a time-dependent improvement in tissue perfusion during stimulation was observed which paralleled the improvements in phosphocreatine utilization and intramuscular pH changes. The results presented are discussed with respect to the interrelationship between oxygen delivery, high energy phosphate utilization and force maintenance.
- © 1986 London: The Biochemical Society