The epitope-specific cytochrome P-450 content of animal livers was analysed by radioimmunoassay using a panel of seven monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) made to a 3-methylcholanthrene-induced rat liver cytochrome P-450. Competitive radioimmunoassays utilizing a reference radiolabelled MAb and a series of unlabelled MAbs indicated that there are at least three distinct classes of MAbs to different epitopes on cytochrome P-450. In addition, a direct radioimmunoassay employing a radiolabelled second antibody detected MAb-specific cytochromes P-450 in livers from different animals. This radioimmunoassay detected large elevations in the levels of these cytochromes P-450 in the livers of 3-methylcholanthrene-treated rats and C57BL/6 mice compared with untreated rats, 3-methylcholanthrene-treated DBA/2 mice or guinea pigs. The two complementary radioimmunoassay methods are sensitive, efficient, and easily applicable for screening large number of tissue samples for MAb-defined cytochrome P-450 phenotype.
- © 1985 London: The Biochemical Society