Both protein kinase C and Ca2+ may act in concert to bring about activation of secretion. This study examined the actions on pancreatic acini of ionomycin and phorbol dibutyrate, which selectively stimulate one or the other of these pathways; their stimulatory effects were compared with those of receptor agonists, such as carbachol and caerulein, which activate phospholipase C. The Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin produced a dose-dependent increase in amylase secretion and intracellular free Ca2+ (as measured by quin-2). The increase in amylase secretion elicited by carbachol or caerulein was accompanied by a small sustained increase in intracellular free Ca2+, following an initial peak. However, the elevation in intracellular free Ca2+ produced by these receptor agonists for a given level of amylase secretion was less than that observed with ionomycin. Phorbol dibutyrate stimulated amylase secretion by a mechanism that was independent of extracellular Ca2+, and no change in intracellular free Ca2+ was observed. Synergistic stimulatory effects of phorbol dibutyrate and ionomycin were observed, whether the phorbol ester was present before, or in combination with, ionomycin. Diacylglycerols containing unsaturated fatty acids (1,2-dioleoylglycerol and 1,3-dioleoylglycerol) also stimulated amylase secretion and exhibited synergistic effects on secretion with ionomycin. These findings suggest that complete activation of amylase secretion from the pancreas requires stimulation of both Ca2+-dependent and protein kinase C-activated pathways.
- © 1985 London: The Biochemical Society