Somatostatin receptors appear to be localized to secretory granules in pancreatic islet homogenates. Recruitment of these receptors to the islet-cell surfaces may mark the contact event between secretory granules and plasma membranes before release of insulin by fission. Isethionate, an impermeant anionic replacement for chloride, blocks the release step but does not affect receptor recruitment. By contrast, low concentrations of phenothiazine drugs, such as trifluoperazine and promethazine, inhibit both receptor recruitment and secretion. Scatchard analysis of phenothiazine effects on somatostatin receptors reveals that these drugs reduce the number of receptors but do not affect the affinity of the receptor for somatostatin. These data indicate that membrane contact and fission steps during exocytosis can be biochemically separated.
- © 1983 London: The Biochemical Society