When the hepatoma cells (AH 70Btc, Clone 10-5) were cultured in the presence of 1 mM-dibutyryl cyclic AMP for 2 days, the incorporation of [14C]glucosamine into protein was increased over 2-fold. At the same time, dibutyryl cyclic AMP increased the incorporation of [14C]glucosamine into dolichol-linked N-acetylglucosamine and NN′-diacetylchitobiose about 1.5-fold and into dolichol-linked oligosaccharides about 3-fold. Analysis of cellular glycoproteins by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis after reduction showed that dibutyryl cyclic AMP specifically enhanced the glycosylation of a fibronectin-like glycoprotein with an apparent mol.wt. of 220 000 and two other high-molecular-weight glycoproteins (apparent mol.wts. 270 000 and 185 000). Increased glycosylation of the glycoproteins with mol.wts. of 220 000 and 185 000 was shown to be linked to increased synthesis of the polypeptide portion. In addition to the above effects, dibutyryl cyclic AMP enhanced the adhesiveness of AH 70Btc cells to glass surfaces. Both the effects on the glycosylation pathway and on adhesiveness of cells were reversed by further treatment of the cells with 1 microgram of tunicamycin/ml. The results indicated that dibutyryl cyclic AMP increased the synthesis of dolichol-linked oligosaccharides and N-glycosylation of proteins in AH 70Btc cells. The enhancement of adhesiveness may be mediated by the increased synthesis of dolichol-linked oligosaccharides and also may be related to the increased synthesis of fibronectin.
- © 1983 London: The Biochemical Society