1. The influence of various substances on the uptake of [3H]ATP and [14C]-noradrenaline into isolated bovine chromaffin granules was investigated. The carrier-mediated [3H]ATP uptake is specifically inhibited by SO42-, PO43- and phosphoenolpyruvate. Compounds with carboxylic acid or sulphonic acid groups had no significant inhibitory effects on either uptake. 2. 35SO42-, 32PO43- and phosphoenol[14C]pyruvate are taken up into chromaffin granules by a temperature-dependent process that is inhibited by atractyloside, uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation and lipid-permeant anions. The apparent Km of 35SO42- uptake is 0.4 mM. 3. These results indicate that the nucleotide carrier in chromaffin granules has a broad specificity, transporting compounds with two strong negative charges. 4. Amino acid probes influence the uptake of ATP and catecholamines differently. Pyridoxal phosphate inhibits both uptake processes, 4,4′-di-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2′-disulphonic acid preferentially blocks ATP uptake, whereas phenylglyoxal blocks only ATP transport. It is suggested that the nucleotide carrier possesses arginine residues in a functionally important position. 5. The significance of these results obtained on isolated granules for the function of chromaffin granules within the cell is discussed.
- © 1983 London: The Biochemical Society