Exogenous NAD+ stimulated the rotenone-resistant oxidation of all the NAD+-linked tricarboxylic acid-cycle substrates in mitochondria from Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) tubers. The stimulation was not removed by the addition of EGTA, which is known to inhibit the oxidation of exogenous NADH. It is therefore concluded that added NAD+ gains access to the matrix space and stimulates oxidation by the rotenone-resistant NADH dehydrogenase located on the matrix surface of the inner membrane. Added NAD+ stimulated the activity of malic enzyme and displaced the equilibrium of malate dehydrogenase; both observations are consistent with entry of NAD+ into the matrix space. Analysis of products of malate oxidation showed that rotenone-resistant oxygen uptake only occurred when the concentration of oxaloacetate was low and that of NADH was high. Thus it is proposed that the concentration of NADH regulates the activity of the two internal NADH dehydrogenases. Evidence is presented to suggest that the rotenone-resistant NADH dehydrogenase is engaged under conditions of high phosphorylation potential, which restricts electron flux through the rotenone-sensitive dehydrogenase (coupled to ATP synthesis).
- © 1982 London: The Biochemical Society