In kidney-cortex slices from rats fed on 2.0 mg of ochratoxin A/kg per day for 2 days, gluconeogenesis from pyruvate is decreased by 26%, and renal phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity is lowered by about 55%. Gluconeogenesis from 10 mM-lactate or 20 mM-malate or -glutamine is also significantly decreased. Hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase is unchanged or increased, and hexokinase activity in kidney and liver remains unaffected. We conclude that ochratoxin A in vivo is an inhibitor of renal phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity, which is responsible, at least in part, for the block in renal gluconeogenesis.
- © 1979 London: The Biochemical Society