Binding sites for prolactin were identified in a plasma-membrane-enriched fraction isolated from livers of mature female rats. 125I-labelled sheep prolactin prepared by the lactoperoxidase procedure retained the same molecular integrity and binding affinity as the native hormone at physiological pH. The receptors bound prolactin from different species, whereas non-lactogenic hormones were not bound. The binding of 125I-labelled sheep prolactin was activated equally by bivalent and univalent cations, bivalent cations exerting their maximal effect at much lower concentrations. The association of 125I-labelled sheep prolactin with the receptor was a time- and temperature-dependent process. Partial dissociation was detected. The binding of 125I-labelled sheep prolactin was strongly influenced by pH, with an optimum observed at pH 6.5. Receptor activity was destroyed by Pronase and phospholipase C, whereas neuraminidase increased binding. Treatment of the membranes by ribonuclease and deoxyribonuclease did not affect the binding. Binding of 125I-labelled sheep prolactin was inhibited by p-chloromercuribenzoic acid, dithiothreitol and by brief exposure to high temperatures. Scatchard analysis of the binding of 125I-labelled sheep prolactin to receptors indicated that prolactin has a high affinity for its receptor. Binding of prolactin to liver membranes showed some properties different from those observed with mammary cells. Binding by these tissues differed in pH optimum, in effects of ions, and in response to neuraminidase.
- © 1979 London: The Biochemical Society