Fibroblasts were incubated in the presence of the anti-microtubular drugs colchicine, vinblastine and vincristine. In concentrations between 10nm and 1 mM these drugs stimulated the secretion of beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase, alpha-N-acetylglucosaminidase and beta-glucuronidase, but not of beta-galactosidase. The endocytosis of beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase and alpha-N-acetylglucosaminidase, but not of beta-glucuronidase, was inhibited at drug concentrations higher than 0.1 micrometer. Formation, secretion and association with the cell membrane of sulphated proteoglycans were not affected by anti-microtubular drugs. Endocytosis of sulphated proteoglycans and their subsequent degradation was inhibited by drug concentrations above 0.1 micrometer. The inhibition of intracellular glycosaminoglycan degradation led to a moderate storage of these compounds. These results suggest that microtubules participate in the control of secretion and endocytosis of lysosomal enzymes, and in the endocytosis and degradation of lysosomal substrates such as sulphated proteoglycans.
- © 1978 London: The Biochemical Society