Nuclei from purified human peripheral lymphocytes were prepared by incubations with Triton X-100 to disrupt the cells, followed by sucrose-density gradient centrifugation. The nuclei were pure as judged by phase-contrast microscopy and had low contents of non-nuclear marker enzymes. In addition, nuclei prepared from lymphocytes surface-labelled with 125I had only 2-7% of the radioactivity bound to intact lymphocytes. At 3.3 mM-Ca2+ and 100 micronM-ATP a fluoride-sensitive adenylate cyclase was demonstrated in nuclei prepared in 0.2% Triton X-100 or 0.33% Triton X-100. There was linear accumulation of cyclic AMP for 10 min in both preparations. The apparent Km for ATP was 90 micronM. Adenylate cyclase activity was augmented by 1.0 mM-Mn2+ and inhibited at higher concentrations. Ca2+ showed two peaks of stimulation, at 1.0-2.5 mM- and above 10 mM-Ca2+. Mg2+ was inhibitory at all concentrations. EDTA OR EGTA only slightly decreased adenylate cyclase activity, suggesting that another metal ion may be necessary for activity. Adenylate cyclase activity was stimulated by 10mM-isoproterenol and 10 micronM-adrenaline in the presence of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Phytohaemagglutinin and prostaglandin E1 alone or in combination with isoproterenol had no effect on nuclear adenylate cyclase activity in either nuclei preparation. These results indicate that human lymphocyte nuclei contain one or several adenylate cyclases which differ from adenylate cyclases found in other subcellular fractions of these cells with regard to their bivalentcation requirements and responsiveness to pharmacological agents.
- © 1977 London: The Biochemical Society